Manawhenua represents the ability to influence and exercise control over a particular area or region and act as its kaitiaki. Manawhenua is derived from whakapapa, and protected and secured through continued occupation of ancestral lands (ahi kā roa), the continued use of resources (e.g. mahinga kai) and the protection of the mauri of resources and the environment mō tātou, ā, mō kā uri ā muri ake nei.
The six Papatipu Rūnanga that prepared this plan are the representative bodies of the tāngata whenua who hold manawhenua in their traditional takiwā (see Map). This part of the plan provides a brief introduction to the marae, history and takiwā of each of the six Rūnanga. The six sections below were prepared by the individual Rūnanga for this IMP.