This section addresses issues associated with Ngāi Tahu cultural heritage: sites, places, resources, traditions, knowledge, and landscapes of importance to Ngāi Tahu. This includes wāhi tapu, wāhi taonga, mahinga kai and other sites of signiﬁcance, and the traditional and contemporary landscapes within which they occur. For Ngāi Tahu cultural heritage isn’t something that happened in the past; but rather a reﬂection of an ongoing and enduring relationship with the land.
Ngā tūtohu whenua, or cultural landscapes, is a concept used in this IMP to recognise areas and places of particular importance. As a planning tool, cultural landscapes are a culturally meaningful and eﬀective framework for the identiﬁcation, protection and management of sites and places of signiﬁcance, the multiple values associated with those sites and places, and the relationship of tāngata whenua to them.
The RMA 1991 instructs local authorities, in relation to managing the use, development and protection of natural and physical resources, to recognise and provide for the following matters of national importance:
- The protection of historic heritage from inappropriate subdivision, use and development (s.6 (f)).
- The protection of outstanding natural features and landscapes from inappropriate subdivision, use and development (s.6 (b)). The courts have used this as a mechanism to consider cultural landscapes of historical importance.
- The relationship of Māori and their culture and traditions with their ancestral lands, water, sites, wāhi tapu and other taonga (s.6 (e)).
Ngā Paetae Objectives
- Cultural landscapes are recognised and provided for as a planning tool to protect wāhi tapu and wāhi taonga, the multiple values associated with these sites and places (traditional and contemporary), and the relationship of tāngata whenua to them.
- The Ngāi Tahu cultural heritage mapping project is completed and used to eﬀectively protect and manage wāhi tapu and wāhi taonga in a manner consistent with tikanga Ngāi Tahu.
- Wāhi tapu and wāhi taonga are protected from inappropriate use, subdivision and development.
- Ngāi Tahu whānui have access to sites of cultural signiﬁcance in the takiwā.
- Good working relationships are maintained with those agencies involved in the protection of Ngāi Tahu cultural and historic heritage, including the New Zealand Historic Places Trust Pouhere Taonga (NZHPT).